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Racial and ethnic income gaps persist amid uneven growth in household incomes

Posted by Jerrald J President on January 9, 2020 at 9:20 AM

https://www.epi.org/blog/racial-and-ethnic-income-gaps-persist-amid-uneven-growth-in-household-incomes/

Http://www.jerraldpresident.info//


   As the world continues to turn Black citizens continue to fall further and further down the proverbial "RABBIT HOLE"! In 2012 black household income was $37k, today it's $41k. Wake up!!!!! By JJP

Racial and ethnic income gaps persist amid uneven growth in household incomes

Yesterday’s Census Bureau report on income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in 2018 shows that while there was a slowdown in overall median household income growth relative to 2017, income growth was uneven by race and ethnicity. Real median income increased 4.6% among Asian households (from $83,376 to $87,194), 1.8% among African American households (from $40,963 to $41,692), 1.1% among non-Hispanic white households (from $69,851 to $70,642), and only 0.1% among Hispanic households (from $51,390 to $51,450), as seen in Figure A. The only groups for which income growth was statistically significant were Asian and Hispanic households.

 

In 2018, the median black household earned just 59 cents for every dollar of income the median white household earned (unchanged from 2017), while the median Hispanic household earned just 73 cents (down from 74 cents).

 

FIGURE A

Real median household income, by race and ethnicity, 2000–2018

Year White Black Hispanic Asian White-imputed Black-imputed Hispanic-imputed Asian-imputed White Black Hispanic Asian White Black Hispanic Asian

2000 $66,712 $43,380 $48,500 $69,069 $44,614 $46,989

2001 $65,835 $41,899 $47,721 $68,161 $43,091 $46,234

2002 $65,646 $40,839 $46,334 $73,660 $67,965 $42,001 $44,890 $79,501

2003 $65,388 $40,633 $45,160 $76,231 $67,698 $41,789 $43,753 $82,276

2004 $65,178 $40,292 $45,670 $76,631 $67,481 $41,438 $44,247 $82,708

2005 $65,458 $39,898 $46,360 $76,873 $67,771 $41,033 $43,846 $84,991

2006 $65,449 $40,116 $47,169 $78,291 $67,762 $41,257 $45,699 $86,560

2007 $66,676 $41,388 $46,958 $78,343 $69,032 $42,565 $45,495 $86,616

2008 $64,923 $40,154 $44,326 $74,913 $67,217 $41,296 $42,945 $82,824

2009 $63,895 $38,423 $44,628 $74,982 $66,153 $39,516 $43,238 $82,901

2010 $62,857 $37,114 $43,433 $72,402 $65,078 $38,170 $42,080 $80,048

2011 $62,001 $36,215 $43,217 $71,139 $64,192 $37,245 $41,870 $78,653

2012 $62,465 $36,945 $42,738 $73,415 $64,672 $37,996 $41,406 $81,169

2013 $62,915 $37,547 $44,228 $70,687 $65,138 $38,615 $42,850 $78,153 $65,138 $38,615 $42,850 $78,153

2014 $63,976 $37,854 $45,114 $78,883 $63,976 $37,854 $45,114 $78,883

2015 $66,721 $39,440 $47,852 $81,788 $66,721 $39,440 $47,852 $81,788

2016 $68,059 $41,924 $49,887 $85,210 $68,059 $41,924 $49,887 $85,210

2017 $69,806 $41,584 $51,717 $83,314 $69,806 $41,584 $51,717 $83,314 $69,851 $40,963 $51,390 $83,376

2018 $70,642 $41,692 $51,450 $87,1944

Note: Because of a redesign in the CPS ASEC income questions in 2013, we imputed the historical series using the ratio of the old and new method in 2013. Solid lines are actual CPS ASEC data; dashed lines denote historical values imputed by applying the new methodology to past income trends. The break in the series in 2017 represents data from both the legacy CPS ASEC processing system and the updated CPS ASEC processing system. White refers to non-Hispanic whites, black refers to blacks alone or in combination, Asian refers to Asians alone, and Hispanic refers to Hispanics of any race. Comparable data are not available prior to 2002 for Asians. Shaded areas denote recessions.

 

Source: EPI analysis of Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement Historical Poverty Tables (Table H-5 and H-9)

 

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Based on EPI’s imputed historical income values (see the note under Figure A for an explanation), 11 years after the start of the Great Recession in 2007, only African American households remained below their pre-recession median income. Compared with household incomes in 2007, median household incomes in 2018 were down 2.1 percent for African American households, but up 0.7% for Asian households, 2.3% for non-Hispanic white households, and 13.1% for Hispanic households. Asian households continued to have the highest median income, despite large income losses in the wake of the recession.

 

The 2018 poverty rates also reflect the patterns of income growth between 2017 and 2018. As seen in Figure B, poverty rates for all groups were down slightly or unchanged, but remained highest among African Americans (20.7%, down 1.0 percentage point), followed by Hispanics (17.6%, down 0.7 percentage points), Asians (10.1%, up 0.4 percentage points), and whites (8.1%, down 0.4 percentage points). African American and Hispanic children continued to face the highest poverty rates—28.5% of African Americans and 23.7% of Hispanics under age 18 lived below the poverty level in 2018. African American children were more than three times as likely to be in poverty as white children (8.9%).

 

FIGURE B

Overall poverty rate and poverty rate of those under age 18, by race and ethnicity, 2013–2018

Overall 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

White 10.0% 10.1% 9.1% 8.8% 8.5% 8.1%

Black 25.3% 26.0% 23.9% 21.8% 21.7% 20.7%

Hispanic 24.7% 23.6% 21.4% 19.4% 18.3% 17.6%

Asian 13.1% 12.0% 11.4% 10.1% 9.7% 10.1%

White 13.4% 12.3% 12.1% 10.8% 10.2% 8.9%

Black 33.4% 36.0% 31.6% 29.7% 29.7% 28.5%

Hispanic 33.0% 31.9% 28.9% 26.6% 25.0% 23.7%

Asian 14.7% 14.0% 12.3% 11.1% 10.4% 11.3%

M), an alternative to the long-running official poverty measure, provides an even more accurate measure of a household’s economic vulnerability. While the official poverty rate captures only before-tax cash income, the SPM accounts for various noncash benefits and tax credits. The SPM also allows for geographic variability in what constitutes poverty based on differences in the cost of living. According to the 2018 SPM, the official poverty measure understates poverty among Hispanics (the 2018 SPM rate is 21.2% vs. 17.6% by the official poverty measure) and among Asians (14.0% vs. 10.1%), while the measures produce relatively similar rates for whites (8.8% vs. 8.1%) and for African Americans (21.0% vs. 20.7%).


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